Fonseca & Ganade (1996)

General information

This study was done in the Central Amazonian rainforest, north of Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil from June through August in 1990. The main objectives were to quantitatively describe the ant-myrmecophyte matrix, to search for patterns of compartmentalization, and to compare the results from the ant-plant system with those from other mutualistic systems.

Data type

The authors recorded their data by counting the number of visits of each ant species to each plant species. Data are presented as an interaction frequency matrix, in which cells with positive integers indicate the frequency of interaction between a pair of species, and cells with zeros indicate no interaction. 


Fonseca, C.R., and G. Ganade. 1996. Asymmetries, compartments and null interactions in an Amazonian ant-plant community. Journal of Animal Ecology 66: 339-347.

Data files

Text format: interaction matrix (no species names)

Excel format: interaction matrix (includes species lists)

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