Clements & Long (1923)

General information

The study took place on Pikes Peak in Colorado, U.S.A., in the early 1920's. The authors recorded the identities of flower visitors to 94 native and two exotic plant species.

Data type

The authors recorded the identities of flower visitor and plant species and their interactions. Data are presented as a binary interaction matrix, in which cells with a "1" indicate an interaction between a pair of species, and a "0" indicates no interaction.


Clements, R. E., and F. L. Long. 1923, Experimental pollination. An outline of the ecology of flowers and insects. Washington, D.C., USA, Carnegie Institute of Washington.

Data files

Text format: interaction matrix (no species names)

Excel format: interaction matrix (includes species lists)

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