Bezerra et al. (2009)

General information

This paper contrasted a network of Malpighiaceae oil-flowers and associated oil-collecting bees from a Brazilian steppe ("caatinga") to whole pollination networks from all over the world available in the Interaction Web Database. The caatinga network had a perfectly balanced proportion of plants and animals (13 x 13) and was more nested and less modular than all of the 22 whole pollination networks studied. The authors concluded that the oil-flower subweb is more cohesive and resilient than whole pollination networks, reinforcing the hypothesis that each ecological service is in fact a mosaic of different subservices with a hierarchical structure ("webs within webs").          

Data type and methodological remarks

The species interaction matrix describes the number of bee visits to 138 individual plants in natural clumps of 13 Malpighiaceae species during the flowering peak of each species. The number of bee visits  to flowers was registered over four consecutive days, from 5.00 to 17.00 with a total of 1392 h of observations.


Bezerra, E. L. S, I. C. Machado & M. A. R. Mello (2009). Pollination networks of oil-flowers: a tiny world within the smallest of all worlds. Journal of Animal Ecology 78: 1096-1101. 

Data files

Excel file: click here to download the data sheet with the number of visits of oil-collecting bees to Malpighiaceae species in Pernambuco's caatinga. 

You must read our Privacy Policy before using the Interaction Web Database website


<< back (all available datasets)